It is through the use of mobile communication technologies such as PDAs, mobile phones, and satellite communications to provide medical services and information, specifically to the mobile Internet, with applications based on mobile terminal systems such as Android and iOS.
The definition given by HIMSS, an international medical and health member organization, is that mHealth provides medical services and information through the use of mobile communication technologies such as PDAs, mobile phones, and satellite communications, specifically to the mobile Internet, based on Android and iOS. The application of medical and health apps is mainly based on mobile terminal systems. It provides an effective method for the health care services of developing countries. With the shortage of medical human resources, it can solve the medical problems in developing countries through mobile medical care.
In the 1960s and 1970s, the concept of Tele-medicine and Tele-healthy emerged.
"TD-LTE" high-definition, mobile and wireless technology advantages can help medical personnel on ambulances to obtain clear and fast remote guidance through mobile high-definition video, without missing the "golden half hour" treatment; community doctors take mobile Medical diagnosis equipments can be requested at any time by large hospitals and doctors for remote consultations; community medical information platforms can use the SMS, MMS, WAP, call center, etc. to provide the public with medical information, appointment registration, and other services.
Mobile healthcare is becoming a hot spot in the entire mobile communications industry. MobileHealth has attracted the attention of many participants at the just-concluded World Mobile Communications Conference 2011.
Current mobile application solutions used in the global healthcare industry can be broadly summarized as: wireless rounds, mobile care, drug management and distribution, bar code patient identification tape applications, wireless voice, network calls, video conferencing, and video surveillance. It can be said that all the processes the patient has experienced in the hospital can be optimized with mobile technology, such as hospital registration, drug delivery, infusion, dispensing/dispensing center, specimen collection and processing, emergency room/operating room, and discharge checkout. . Because the mobile application can highly share the original information system of the hospital and make the system more mobile and flexible, the purpose of simplifying the workflow and improving the overall work efficiency is achieved.
Another significant contribution of mobile applications is to reduce medical errors. In the process of patient care, there may be mistakes in the handover of caregivers and mistakes in the execution of medications, drug expiration management, and specimen collection. According to a survey conducted by a U.S. authoritative organization, more than 15 million drug misuse accidents occur in U.S. hospitals every year. In order to avoid these mistakes, medical personnel are required to obtain and confirm medical information of the patient in a timely manner to ensure that the correct patient is treated correctly at the right time.
Mobile medical care can help improve the problem of seeing a doctor . Since the start of the new medical reform, the demand and development potential of informationization in the Chinese medical and health industry has been enormous. Accelerating the promotion of medical and health informationization business and deepening the medical and health industry have become the focus of the industry.
The popularity of low-cost mobile phones and global mobile communications networks has clearly provided a viable technical foundation for this medical concept. In the past few decades, mobile communication technology has always adhered to the following directions: miniaturization, faster speed, and lower cost. These characteristics are reflected in many aspects such as the application of hardware and software, network access, standards and services, and will continue to develop in the future. A large number of services can be achieved through more uniform, faster and cheaper bandwidth access; the network also has strong capabilities and wider coverage. These all provide the conditions for advancing the continued development of mHealth applications and surpassing the simple one-way data service model.
According to statistics from organizations such as the ITU (International Telecommunication Union), about 64% of mobile phone users are located in developing countries. Moreover, it is expected that by 2012, half of the residents in all remote areas will have mobile communications equipment. The popularity of mobile phones has provided a key foundation for using mobile technologies to support medical services.
According to industry estimates, taking China as an example only, the market scale driven by mobile medical care is about several billion yuan RMB, and the surrounding industries are very wide, with a wide range of equipment and products. The real start of this market will not only be limited to the medical service industry itself, but will also directly touch the interests chain including network suppliers, system integrators, wireless equipment suppliers, and telecom operators, thus affecting the communications industry. There is layout.
China Mobile's mobile medical industry analyst pointed out that the global mobile medical service application will bring US$11.5 billion in revenue to mobile operators within five years, while medical device manufacturers, content and application providers and healthcare service providers will receive 6.6 billion yuan respectively. US dollars, 2.6 billion U.S. dollars, and 2.4 billion U.S. dollars in revenue. The market size of sports and health mobile applications will grow from 120 million U.S. dollars in 2010 to 400 million U.S. dollars in 2016. By 2016, the market size of wireless network medical services will reach 1.34 billion U.S. dollars. By then, 30 million mobile devices will be connected to the "medical local area network" in wireless networks. Wireless medical sensors that can be worn on people will reach 100 million units. According to analysts at the China Mobile.com mobile medical industry, mobile healthcare has a huge blue ocean market. The first is a substantial increase in the sub-health population. The China Report Network survey found that the 35- to 65-year-old population is becoming an army of chronic diseases, among which overweight and obesity, dyslipidemia, fatty liver, and hypertension are clearly on the rise, and the onset age is becoming younger. Before the onset of the disease, there is usually a "physiological abnormality." By measuring the sub-health indicators by moving the medical equipment, it is possible to detect chronic diseases earlier and be helpful for treatment. This is followed by an increase in the ageing population and an increase in the proportion of empty nesters. According to the report from the China Report Network, China is expected to enter the accelerated aging period from 2020 to 2050. In the 1960s and 1970s, it was the peak of childbirth. This period has increased by 6.2 million people each year. By 2050, the total elderly population will exceed 400 million and the ageing level will reach 30%. The growing aging trend in China is the basis for the growth of healthcare. With the trend of empty nesting and the increasing number of elderly people living alone, the demand for wearable smart medical devices that can realize remote real-time monitoring will continue to increase. It is particularly important to point out that the increase in labor costs will be an important factor in increasing demand for wearable smart medical devices that can enable remote real-time monitoring. The third is the rejuvenation of chronic diseases, long duration of illness, and large demand for services.
Mobile health care in our country is subject to certain limitations: The incompetence of 3G networks, the impact of Internet bandwidth restrictions, and the backwardness of basic hospital equipment are not suitable for us to develop mobile healthcare.
The development of foreign mobile medical care is based on the foundation of a private doctor. A simple phone call can easily solve common diseases other than surgery. In China, the patient base is very large and still in a difficult period. The daily work of doctors in China cannot be wasted on the time of receiving and receiving calls and sending and receiving e-mails, not to mention that those medical predecessors need to learn computers from scratch.
In addition, the foreign mobile model is based on one-on-one doctors, and patient appointments can be queued up in an orderly manner. Of course, doctors in China are also a one-to-one model of diagnosis and treatment, but the premise is that a patient has only a few minutes of treatment time. Of course, we can't deny the convenience brought by mobile medicine, but developers of programs should also consider the environment in which we live. We hope to build a harmonious environment where doctors can easily and patiently benefit, but for now, mobile health care will only be more helpful. In a word, it is not easy to say that you love to move medical care without solving the patient's medical problems.