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Mifare technolog (2)---Development history

- May 03, 2018 -

Development history


1994 — MIFARE Classic 1K, the development of contactless reading technology.

1996 — Seoul Metro, South Korea became the first commercial transfer system using MIFARE.

1997 — MIFARE Pro, which is compatible with contactless and contactless smart cards, and uses the coprocessor mechanism of 3DES.

1999 — MIFARE Pro X, developed a public key infrastructure (PKI) mechanism.

2001 — Successful development of MIFARE UltraLight specifications.

2002 — MIFARE DESFire, developing microprocessor-based products.

2004 — MIFARE DESFire SAM enhances security infrastructure connectivity for MIFARE DESFire.

2006 — MIFARE DESFire EV1, the first product to support 128-bit Advanced Encryption Standard (AES).

2008 — MIFARE Plus, replacing the 128bit AES used by MIFARE Classic.

2008 — MIFARE Ultralight C, a paper ticket IC (Paperticket IC) with built-in triple data encryption algorithm verification.

2010 — MIFARE SAM AV2, incorporates authentication mechanisms that can read security keys such as Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), Triple Data Encryption (3DS), and Public Key Infrastructure (PKI).

2012 — MIFARE Ultralight EV1, the same specification as MIFARE Ultralight but with the encryption disabled.

2013 — MIFARE DESFire EV2, better performance, confidentiality and supports multiple encryption programs.

MIFARE's name comes from the combination of the MIkron FARE-collection system, which Philips Electronics acquired in 1998.


In 1994, Mikron Corporation authorized Infineon Technologies to develop new mechanisms based on the existing MIFARE technology. At that time, the sample specifications acquired by Infineon were 1K memory capacity, 8, 16- and 32-bit virtual microprocessors and USIM NFC devices.


Motorola has tried to develop contact chips with similar MIFARE functionality. The company originally estimated that there were 1 million usages per month, but only 100,000 in the end. So that finally gave up this product.


In 1998 Philips licensed MIFARE Classic technology to Hitachi Ltd.which developed a contactless smart card solution for NTT from 1999 to 2006. In addition, the phone card program developed for NTT has three partners (Tokin-Tamura-Siemens, Hitachi, and Denso), originally planning to develop two types of contacts of different sizes based on MIFARE Classic authorization. Product, but in the end, only large-capacity products are completed.


In 2008, NXP provided Hitachi with technology including MIFARE Plus and MIFARE DESFire, and the semiconductor division of Hitachi Ltd. was renamed Renesas Electronics .


In 2010, NXP licensed MIFARE to Gemalto. In 2011, NPX authorized France's Oberthur Technologies to use it on the SIM card. These licenses are all used to develop products in the NFC field.