ISO 17363 to 17367 series standards
The supply chain RFID logistics unit series standards regulate the RFID applications of freight containers, recyclable transport units, transport units, product packaging, and product labels, respectively. The series of standard content is basically the same, such as the air interface protocol using the ISO/IEC 18000 series of standards. There are differences in specific regulations, and supplementary provisions are made for different users. For example, the environmental conditions, the size of the labels, and the position where the labels are to be posted, etc., and the carrier frequency of the electronic labels varies depending on the requirements of the objects. Electronic tags used in freight containers, recyclable transport units and transport units must be reused. Product packaging must be based on actual conditions, and product labels are usually one-off. In addition, consider the integrity of the data, visual identification, etc. Recoverable units require high data capacity, security, and communication distance. This series of standards is being developed.
What needs to be noted here is the relationship between ISO 10374, ISO 18185 and ISO 17363. They are all aimed at containers, but ISO 10374 is for container management, ISO 18185 is for customs surveillance containers, and ISO 17363 is for supply. The purpose of chain management is to use readable and writable RFID identification tags and shipping tags on freight containers.
ISO TC 23/SC 19 is responsible for the development of animal management RFID standards, including ISO 11784/11785 and ISO 14223.
ISO 11784 encoding structure
It specifies the 64-bit encoding structure of the animal's radio frequency identification code. The animal's radio frequency identification code requires that the reader and the electronic tag can identify each other. The bitstream containing the data is usually added with the encoded data needed to ensure the data is correct. The code structure is 64 bits, of which 27 to 64 bits can be defined by each country.
According to estimates by retail analysts at Sanford C. Bernstein, Wal-Mart can save $8.35 billion annually through the use of RFID, mostly because of the labor cost savings that do not require manual viewing of incoming bar codes. Although some analysts believe that the $8 billion figure is overly optimistic, there is no doubt that RFID can help solve two of the biggest problems in the retail industry: commodity outages and losses (products lost due to theft and supply chain disruption) However, Wal-Mart’s loss alone is almost $2 billion a year. If a legitimate company's turnover can reach this figure, it can rank 694th in the list of the 1,000 largest companies in the United States. Research institutions estimate that this RFID technology can help reduce theft and inventory levels by 25%.